Publications from the Whitehead lab. (1977-present)

 

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In press

 

Whitehead, H. and L. Rendell. In press.  The cultural lives of whales and dolphins. University of Chicago Press. Info

 

Publications 2014

 

Gero, S., M. Milligan, C. Rinaldi, P. Francis, J. Gordon, C. Carlson, A. Steffen, P. Tyack, P. Evans and H. Whitehead. 2014. Behavior and social structure of the sperm whales of Dominica, West Indies. Marine Mammal Science 30: 905-922. PDF

 

Kowarski, K.A., J.F. Augusto, T.R. Frasier and H. Whitehead. 2014. Effects of remote biopsy sampling on long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) in Nova Scotia. Aquatic Mammals 40: 117-125.  PDF

 

Whitehead, H. and S. Gero. 2014. Using social structure to improve mortality estimates; an example with sperm whales.  Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5: 27-36.

 

Wong, S.N.P., and H. Whitehead. 2014. Seasonal occurrence of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) around Kelvin Seamount in the Sargasso Sea in relation to oceanographic processes. Deep Sea Research I 91: 10-16.

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Publications 2013

 

Augusto, J.F., T.R. Frasier and H. Whitehead.  2013.  Using photography to determine sex in pilot whales (Globicephala melas) is not possible: Males and females have similar dorsal fins. Marine Mammal Science 29: 213-220.  PDF

 

Cantor, M., and H. Whitehead. 2013. The interplay between social networks and culture: theoretically and among whales and dolphins.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 368.  PDF

 

Gero, S., J. Gordon and H. Whitehead. 2013. Calves as social hubs: dynamics of the social network within sperm whale units.  Proceedings of the Royal Society B 280: 20131113.  PDF

 

Godde, S., L. Humbert, S.D. Côté, D. Réale, and H. Whitehead. 2013. Correcting for the impact of gregariousness in social network analyses.  Animal Behaviour 85: 553-558.  PDF

 

Gómez-Salazar, C., F. Trujillo and H. Whitehead. 2013. Population size estimates of pink river dolphins (Inia geoffrensis) using mark-recapture methods on photo-identification. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 9: 40-46.  PDF

 

O’Brien, K. and H. Whitehead. 2013. Population analysis of Endangered northern bottlenose whales on the Scotian Shelf seven years after the establishment of a Marine Protected Area.  Endangered Species Research 21: 273–284. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. and I.D. Jonsen. 2013. Inferring animal densities from tracking data using Markov chains. PLoS ONE 8(4): e60901.  PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2013. Trends in cetacean abundance in the Gully submarine canyon, 1988–2011, highlight a 21% per year increase in Sowerby’s beaked whales (Mesoplodon bidens). Canadian Journal of Zoology 91: 141-148.  PDF

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Publications 2012

 

Gomez-Salazar, C., M. Coll, and H. Whitehead. 2012. River dolphins as indicators of ecosystem degradation in large tropical rivers. Ecological Indicators 23: 19-26.  PDF

 

Gomez-Salazar, C., F. Trujillo, M. Portocarrero-Aya and H. Whitehead. 2012. Population, density estimates and conservation of river dolphins (Inia and Sotalia) in the Amazon and Orinoco river basins. Marine Mammal Science 28:124-153.  PDF

 

Gomez-Salazar, C., F. Trujillo, and H. Whitehead. 2012. Ecological factors influencing group sizes of river dolphins (Inia geoffrensis and Sotalia fluviatilis). Marine Mammal Science 33: 1142-1164. PDF

 

Rendell, L., S.L. Mesnick, M.L. Dalebout, J. Burtenshaw and H. Whitehead. 2012.  Can genetic differences explain vocal dialect variation in sperm whales, Physeter macrocephalus? Behavior Genetics 42: 332-343. PDF

 

Senigaglia, V. and H. Whitehead.  2012. Synchronous breathing by pilot whales. Marine Mammal Science 28: 213-219. PDF

 

Whitehead, H., R. Antunes, S. Gero, S.N.P. Wong, D. Engelhaupt and L. Rendell. 2012. Multilevel societies of female sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) in the Atlantic and Pacific: why are they so different? International Journal of Primatology 33: 1142-1164. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. and S.K. Hooker. 2012. Uncertain status of the northern bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus): population fragmentation, legacy of whaling, and current threats. Endangered Species Research 19: 47-61. PDF

 

Whitehead, H., and D. Lusseau. 2012. Animal social networks as substrate for cultural behavioural diversity. Journal of Theoretical Biology 294: 19-28. PDF

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Publications 2011

 

Antunes, R., T. Schulz, S. Gero, H. Whitehead, J. Gordon and L. Rendell. 2011. Individually distinctive acoustic features in sperm whale codas. Animal Behaviour 81: 723-730. PDF

 

Auger-Méthé, M., M. Marcoux, H. Whitehead. 2011. Computer-assisted photo-identification of narwhals. Arctic 64: 342-352.  PDF

 

Caro, T., K. Beeman, T. Stankowich and H. Whitehead. 2011. The functional significance of colouration in cetaceans. Evolutionary Ecology 25: 1231-1245.  PDF

 

Gomez-Salazar, C., F. Trujillo, and H. Whitehead. 2011. Photo-identification: a promising and noninvasive tool to study pink river dolphins (Inia geoffrensis). Aquatic Mammals 37: 473-485.  PDF

 

Horrocks, J., D.C. Hamilton and H. Whitehead. 2011. A likelihood approach to estimating animal density from binary acoustic transects. Biometrics 67: 681-690.  PDF

 

Schulz, T.M., H. Whitehead, S. Gero and L. Rendell. 2011. Individual vocal production in a sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) social unit. Marine Mammal Science 27: 149-166.  PDF

 

Whitehead, H.  2011.  The cultures of whales and dolphins.  In: Whales and dolphins: cognition, culture, conservation and human perceptions.  Edited by P. Brakes and M. P. Simmonds.  Earthscan, London, U.K. Info

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Publications 2010

 

Auger‑Méthé, M., Marcoux, M. and H. Whitehead.  2010. Nicks and notches of the dorsal ridge: Promising mark types for the photo-identification of narwhals. Marine Mammal Science 26: 663-678.  PDF

 

Wade, L., H. Whitehead and L. Weilgart.  2010.  Conflict of interest in research on anthropogenic noise and marine mammals: does funding bias conclusions? Marine Policy 34: 320-327.  PDF

 

Whitehead, H.  2010.  Conserving and managing animals that learn socially and share cultures. Learning and Behavior 38: 329-336.  PDF

 

Whitehead, H., O’Brien, K. and B. Worm. 2010.  Diversity of deep-water cetaceans and primary productivity. Marine Ecology Progress Series 408: 1-5. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. and S. Van Parijs.  2010.  Studying marine mammal social systems. In: Marine mammal ecology and conservation: a handbook of techniques.  Edited by I. Boyd, D. Bowen and S. Iverson.  Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.  PDF Info

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Publications 2009

 

Bejder, L., A. Samuels, H. Whitehead, H. Finn and S. Allen. In press. Use and misuse of habituation, sensitisation and tolerance to describe wildlife responses to anthropogenic stimuli in impact assessment research. Marine Ecology Progress Series 395: 177-185.  PDF

 

Engelhaupt,D., A.R. Hoelzel, C. Nicholson, A. Frantzis, S. Mesnick, S. Gero, H. Whitehead, L. Rendell, P. Miller, R. De Stefanis, A. Cañadas, S. Airoldi and A.A. Mignucci-Giannoni. 2009. Female philopatry in coastal basins and male dispersion across the North Atlantic in a highly mobile marine species, the sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus). Molecular Ecology 18: 4193–4205.  PDF

 

Gero, S., D. Engelhaupt, L. Rendell and H. Whitehead.  2009.  Who Cares? Between-group variation in alloparental care-giving in sperm whales.  Behavioral Ecology 20: 838-843.  PDF

 

Nemiroff, L., and H. Whitehead. 2009. Structural characteristics of pulsed calls of long-finned pilot whales Globicephala melas. Bioacoustics 19: 67-92. PDF

 

Schulz, T., H. Whitehead, and L. Rendell. 2009. Off-axis effects on the multi-pulse structure of sperm whale coda clicks. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 125: 1768-1773.  PDF

 

Whitehead, H., and P.J. Richerson. 2009.  The evolution of conformist social learning can cause population collapse in realistically variable environments. Evolution and Human Behavior 30: 261-273.  PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2009. Estimating abundance from one‑dimensional passive acoustic surveys.  Journal of Wildlife Management 73: 1000-1009.  PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2009. SOCPROG programs: analyzing animal social structures. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63:765-778.  PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2009. How might we study culture? A perspective from the ocean. In: The question of animal culture.  Edited by R. N. Laland, and B. Galef. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.: 125-152.

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Publications 2008

 

Gero, S., D. Engelhaupt, and H. Whitehead. 2008. Heterogeneous social associations within a sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus, unit reflect pairwise relatedness. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63: 143-151.  PDF

 

Higham, J.E.S. and D. Lusseau. 2008. Slaughtering the goose that lays the golden egg. Are whaling and whalewatching mutually exclusive? Current Issues in Tourism 11: 63-74.

 

Hooker, S. K., T. L. Metcalfe, C. D. Metcalfe, C. M. Angell, J. Y. Wilson, M. J. Moore and H. Whitehead.  2008.  Changes in persistent contaminant concentration and CYP1A1 protein expression in biopsy samples from northern bottlenose whales, Hyperoodon ampullatus, following the onset of nearby oil and gas development.  Environmental Pollution 152: 205-216. PDF

 

Lusseau, D.,  H. Whitehead and S. Gero. 2008. Incorporating uncertainty into the study of animal social networks.  Animal Behaviour 75: 1809-1815. PDF

 

Marino, L., C. Butti, R. C. Connor, R. E. Fordyce, L. M. Herman, P. R. Hof, L. Lefebvre, D. Lusseau, B. McCowan, E. A. Nimchinsky, A. A. Pack, J. S. Reidenberg, D. Reiss, L. Rendell, M. D. Uhen, E. Van der Gucht and H. Whitehead.  2008.  A claim in search of evidence: Reply to Manger's thermogenesis hypothesis of cetacean brain structure.  Biological Reviews 83: 417-440.   PDF

 

Schulz, T., H. Whitehead, S. Gero, and L. Rendell. 2008. Overlapping and matching of codas in vocal interactions between sperm whales: insights into communication function. Animal Behaviour 76:1977-1988.  PDF

 

Smith, T.D., R.R. Reeves, E.A. Josephson, J.N. Lund and H. Whitehead.  2008.  Sperm whale catches and encounter rates during the 19th and 20th centuries: an apparent paradox.  In: Oceans past: management insights from the history of marine animal populations.  Edited by D.J. Starkey, P. Holm, and M. Barnard.  James & James / Earthscan, London, U.K.: 149-173.

 

Whitehead, H.  2008.  Precision and power in the analysis of social structure using associations.  Animal Behaviour 75: 1093-1099. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2008. Analyzing animal societies: quantitative methods for vertebrate social analysis. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Info

 

Whitehead, H. 2008.  Social and cultural evolution in the ocean. Convergences and contrasts with terrestrial systems.  In: The Deep Structure of Biology.  Edited by S. Conway-Morris.  Templeton Foundation Press, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania.: 143-160.

 

Whitehead, H., B. McGill and B. Worm.  2008.  Diversity of deep-water cetaceans in relation to temperature: implications for ocean warming.  Ecology Letters 11: 1198-1207.   PDF

 

Whitehead, H., A. Coakes, N. Jaquet and S. Lusseau.  2008.  Movements of sperm whales in the tropical Pacific.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 361: 291-300.   PDF

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Publications 2007

 

Auger-Méthé, M. and H. Whitehead. 2007. The use of natural markings in studies of long-finned pilot whale (Globicephala melas). Marine Mammal Science 23: 77-93. PDF

 

Gero, S. and H. Whitehead. 2007. Suckling behavior in sperm whales calves: observations and hypotheses. Marine Mammal Science 23: 398-413. PDF

 

Gero, S., J. Gordon, C. Carlson, P. Evans and H. Whitehead. 2007.  Population estimate and inter-island movement of sperm whales, Physeter macrocephalus, in the Eastern Caribbean sea.  Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 9: 143-150. PDF

 

Higham, J.E.S. and Lusseau D. 2007. Urgent need for empirical research into whaling and whalewatching. Conservation Biology 21: 554-558. PDF

 

Higham, J.E.S. and Lusseau D. 2007. Defining critical habitats: the spatio-ecological approach to managing tourist-wildlife interactions. In: Critical Issues in Ecotourism: Understanding a complex tourism phenomenon. Edited by J.E.S. Higham. Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann Publications, Oxford, UK: 256-269.

 

Higham, J.E.S. and D. Lusseau. 2007. The spatio-ecological approach to managing wildlife-tourist interactions. In: Marine Wildlife and Tourism Management Edited by J.E.S. Higham, and M. Lück. CAB International Publishing, Oxford, UK.

 

Lusseau, D. 2007. Understanding the impacts of noise on marine mammals. In: Marine Wildlife and Tourism Management Edited by J.E.S. Higham, and M. Lück. CAB International Publishing, Oxford, UK.

 

Lusseau, D. 2007. Why are male social relationships complex in the Doubtful Sound bottlenose dolphin population? PLoS ONE 2(4): e348. doi10.1371/journal.pone.0000348 PDF

 

Lusseau, D. 2007. Evidence for social role in a dolphin social network. Evolutionary Ecology 21(3). PDF

 

Marcoux, M., L. Rendell, and H. Whitehead.  2007.  Indications of fitness differences among vocal clans of sperm whales.  Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 61: 1093-1098. PDF

 

Marcoux, M., H. Whitehead, and L. Rendell. 2007. Sperm whale feeding variation by location, year, social group and clan: Evidence from stable isotopes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 333:309-314. PDF

 

Marino, L., R. C. Connor, R. E. Fordyce, L. M. Herman, P. R. Hof, L. Lefebvre, D. Lusseau, B. McCowan, E. A. Nimchinsky, A. A. Pack, L. Rendell, J. S. Reidenberg, D. Reiss, M. D. Uhen, E. Van der Gucht and H. Whitehead.  2007.  Cetaceans have complex brains for complex cognition.  PLoS Biology 5(5): e139.

 

Weilgart, L. 2007. The impacts of anthropogenic ocean noise on cetaceans and implications for management.  Canadian Journal of Zoology 85(11):1091–1116. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2007. Learning, climate and the evolution of cultural capacity. Journal of Theoretical Biology 245: 341-350. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2007. Selection of models of lagged identification rates and lagged association rates using AIC and QAIC. Communications in Statistics–Simulation and Computation 36:1233-1246. PDF

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Publications 2006

 

Bejder, L., A. Samuels, H. Whitehead, and N. Gales. 2006. Interpreting short-term behavioural responses to disturbance within a longitudinal perspective. Animal Behaviour 72:1149-1158. PDF

 

Bejder, L., A. Samuels, H. Whitehead, N. Gales, J. Mann, R. Connor, M. Heithaus, J. Watson-Capps, and C. Flaherty. 2006. Decline in relative abundance of bottlenose dolphins exposed to long-term disturbance. Conservation Biology 20: 1791-1798. PDF

 

Dalebout, M. L., D. E. Ruzzante, H. Whitehead, and N. I. Øien. 2006. Nuclear and mitochondrial markers reveal distinctiveness of a small population of bottlenose whales (Hyperoodon ampullatus) in the western North Atlantic. Molecular Ecology 15:3115-3129. PDF

 

Ferrer i Cancho, R., and D. Lusseau. 2006. Long-range correlation in the surface behaviour of dolphins. Europhysics Letters 74(6): 1095-1101. PDF

 

Lusseau, D. 2006. The short-term behavioral reactions of bottlenose dolphins to interactions with boats in doubtful sound, New Zealand. Marine Mammal Science 22:802-818. PDF

 

Lusseau, D., E. Slooten, and R.J. Currey. 2006. Unsustainable dolphin watching activities in Fiordland, New Zealand. Tourism in Marine Environments 3(2) PDF

 

Lusseau, D. 2006. Why do dolphins jump? Interpreting the behavioural repertoire of bottlenose dolphins in Doubtful Sound, New Zealand. Behavioural Processes PDF

 

Marcoux, M., H. Whitehead, and L. Rendell. 2006. Coda vocalizations recorded in breeding areas are almost entirely produced by mature female sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus). Canadian Journal of Zoology 84: 609-614. PDF

 

Schulz, T., L. Rendell, H. Whitehead. 2006. A remotely-piloted acoustic array for studying sperm whale vocal behaviour. Canadian Acoustics 34: 54-55.

 

Weinrich, M. T., H. Rosenbaum, C. S. Baker, A. L. Blackmer, and H. Whitehead. 2006. The influence of maternal lineages on social affiliations among humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) on their feeding grounds in the Southern Gulf of Maine. Journal of Heredity 97: 226-234. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2006. Sperm whales in ocean ecosystems. In: Whales, whaling and ocean ecosystems. Edited by J. A. Estes, D. P. DeMaster, D. F. Doak, T. M. Williams, and R. L. Brownell. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA: 324-334.

 

Williams, R., and D. Lusseau. 2006. A killer whale social network is vulnerable to targeted removals. Biology Letters PDF

 

Williams, R., D. Lusseau and P.S. Hammond P.S. 2006. Potential energetic cost to killer whales of disturbance by vessels and the role of a marine protected area. Biological Conservation PDF

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Publications 2005

 

Beekmans, B. W. P. M., H. Whitehead, R. Huele, L. Steiner, and A. G. Steenbeek. 2005. Comparison of two computer-assisted photo-identification methods applied to sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus). Aquatic Mammals 31: 243-247. PDF

 

Connor, R., and H. Whitehead. 2005. Alliances II. rates of encounter during resource utilization: a general model of intrasexual alliance formation in fission-fusion societies. Animal Behaviour 69: 127-132. PDF

 

Dalebout, M. L., K. M. Robertson, A. Frantzis, D. Engelhaupt, A. A. Mignucci-Giannoni, R.J. Rosario-Delestre, and C. S. Baker. 2005. Worldwide structure of mtDNA diversity among Cuvier's beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris); implications for threatened populations. Molecular Ecology PDF

 

Endo, T., K. Haraguchi, Y. Hotta, Y. Hisamichi, S. Lavery, M. L. Dalebout, and C. S. Baker. 2005. Total mercury, methyl mercury, and selenium levels in the red meat of small cetaceans sold for human consumption in Japan. Environmental Science and Technology 39: 5703-5708. PDF

 

Gero, S., L. Bejder, H. Whitehead, J. Mann and R. C. Connor. 2005. Behaviourally specific preferred associations in bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops sp. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83:1566-1573 PDF

 

McAuliffe, K. and H. Whitehead. 2005. Eusociality, menopause and information in matrilineal whales. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20: 650. PDF

 

Rendell, L. and H. Whitehead. 2005. Coda playbacks to sperm whales in Chilean waters. Marine Mammal Science 21: 106-115.

 

Rendell, L. E., and H. Whitehead. 2005. Spatial and temporal variation in sperm whale coda vocalisations: Stable usage and local dialects. Animal Behaviour 70: 191-198. PDF

 

Rendell, L., H. Whitehead and A. Coakes. 2005. Do breeding male sperm whales show preferences among vocal clans of females? Marine Mammal Science 21: 116-120.

 

Weilgart, L, H. Whitehead, L. Rendell and J. Calambokidis. 2005. Signal-to-noise: funding structure versus ethics as a solution to conflict-of-interest. Marine Mammal Science 20: 898-899.PDF

Email exchange between representative of operational US Navy and official of Office of Naval Research (Notarized authentication of email exchange)

 

Whitehead, H. 2005. Genetic diversity in the matrilineal whales: models of cultural hitchhiking and group-specific non-heritable demographic variation. Marine Mammal Science 21: 58-79.PDF

 

Whitehead, H., L. Bejder, and A. C. Ottensmeyer. 2005. Testing association patterns: issues arising and extensions. Animal Behaviour 69: e1-e6. PDF

 

Whitehead, H., and R. Connor. 2005. Alliances I: how large should alliances be? Animal Behaviour 69: 117-126. PDF

 

Whitehead, H., and R. Reeves. 2005. Killer whales and whaling: the scavenging hypothesis. Biology Letters PDF Appendix

 

Whitehead, H., and T. Wimmer. 2005. Heterogeneity and the mark-recapture assessment of the Scotian Shelf population of northern bottlenose whales (Hyperoodon ampullatus). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63:2573-2585. PDF

 

Wimmer, T., and H. Whitehead. 2005. Movements and distribution of northern bottlenose whales,Hyperoodon ampullatus, on the Scotian Slope and in adjacent waters. Canadian Journal of Zoology 82: 1782-1794. PDF

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Publications 2004

 

Coakes, A.K, and H. Whitehead. 2004. Social structure and mating system of sperm whales off northern Chile. Canadian Journal of Zoology 82: 1360-1369. PDF

 

Dalebout, M.L., C.S. Baker, J. G. Mead, V. G. Cockcroft and T. K. Yamada. 2004. A comprehensive and validated molecular taxonomy of beaked whales, family Ziphiidae. Journal of Heredity 95: 459-473. PDF

 

Dalebout, M.L., K. G. Russell, M. J. Little and P. Ensor. 2004. Observations of live Gray’s beaked whales (Mesoplodon grayi) in Mahurangi Harbour, North Island, New Zealand, with a summary of at-sea sightings. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 34: 347-356. PDF

 

Durrell, J. L., I. A. Sneddon, N. E. O’Connell, and H. Whitehead. 2004. Do pigs form preferential associations? Applied Animal Behaviour Science 89: 41-52. PDF

 

Rendell, L. E., and H. Whitehead. 2004. Do sperm whales share coda vocalizations? Insights into coda usage from acoustic size measurement. Animal Behaviour 67: 865-874. PDF

 

Rendell, L., H. Whitehead, and R. Escribano. 2004. Sperm whale habitat use and foraging success off northern Chile: evidence of ecological links between coastal and pelagic systems. Marine Ecology Progress Series 275: 289-295. PDF

 

Samuels, A. and L. Bejder. 2004. Chronic interactions between humans and wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) near Panama City Beach, Florida. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 6: 69-77.

 

Vonhof, M. J., H. Whitehead, and M. B. Fenton. 2004. Analysis of Spix's disk-winged bat association patterns and roosting home ranges reveal a novel social structure among bats. Animal Behaviour 68: 507-521. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2004. The group strikes back: follow protocols for behavioral research on cetaceans. Marine Mammal Science 20: 304-310. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2004. Whale culture and conservation. In: Encyclopedia of animal behavior, Vol. 1. Edited by M. Bekoff. Greenwood Press, Wesport, Connecticut: 466-468.

 

Whitehead, H., and L. Rendell. 2004. Movements, habitat use and feeding success of cultural clans of South Pacific sperm whales. Journal of Animal Ecology 73:190-196. PDF

 

Whitehead, H., L. Rendell, R. W. Osborne, and B. Würsig. 2004. Culture and conservation of non-humans with reference to whales and dolphins: review and new directions. Biological Conservation 120: 431–441. PDF

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Publications 2003

 

Allen, S. and L. Bejder. 2003. Southern Right Whale (Eubalaena australis) sightings on the Australian coast and the increasing potential for entanglement. Pacific Conservation Biology 9: 228-233.

 

Bejder, L. and A. Samuels. 2003. Evaluating impacts of nature-based tourism on cetaceans. In: N. Gales, M. Hindell, R. Kirkwood (eds.) Marine Mammals: Fisheries, Tourism and Management Issues. CSIRO Publishing. 480 pp.

 

Ottensmeyer, C. A., and H. Whitehead. 2003. Behavioural evidence for social units in long-finned pilot whales. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81:1327-1338. PDF

 

Rendell, L. E., and H. Whitehead. 2003. Comparing repertoires of sperm whale codas: a multiple methods approach. Bioacoustics 14:59-79.

 

Rendell, L. & Whitehead, H. 2003. Vocal clans in sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus).Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences. 270:225-231. Abstract PDF

 

Samuels A., Bejder, L., Constantine R., and Heinrich, S. 2003. A review of swimming with wild cetaceans with a specific focus on the Southern Hemisphere. In: N. Gales, M. Hindell, R. Kirkwood (eds.) Marine Mammals: Fisheries, Tourism and Management Issues. CSIRO Publishing. 480 pp.

 

Weilgart, L. 2003. Acoustic smog. In: Between species; celebrating the dolphin-human bond. Edited by T. Frohoff and B. Peterson. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco:230-238.

 

Whitehead, H., C. D. Macleod, and P. Rodhouse. 2003. Differences in niche breadth among some teuthivorous mesopelagic marine mammals. Marine Mammal Science 19: 400-406.PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2003. Sperm whale societies; social evolution in the ocean. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 431pp.Info

 

Whitehead, H. 2003. Society and culture in the deep and open ocean: the sperm whale. In:Animal social complexity. Intelligence, culture and individualized societies, ed. F. B. M. de Waal, and P. L. Tyack. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. pp. 444-464.

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Publications 2002

 

Baird, R. W. 2002. Killer whales of the world: natural history and conservation. Voyageur Press, Stillwater, MN

 

Baird, R. W. 2002. False killer whale Pseudorca crassidens. In Encyclopedia Of Marine Mammals. Edited by W.F. Perrin, B. Wursig and J.G.M. Thewissen. Academic Press, San Diego

 

Baird, R. W. 2002. Risso's dolphin Grampus griseus In Encyclopedia Of Marine Mammals. Edited by W.F. Perrin, B. Wursig and J.G.M. Thewissen. Academic Press, San Diego

 

Baird, R. W., P. J. Stacey, D. A. Duffus and K. M. Langelier. 2002. An evaluation of gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) mortality incidental to fishing operations in British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 4: 289-296. PDF

 

Baird, R. W., J. F. Borsani, M. B. Hanson, and P. L. Tyack. 2002. Diving and night-time behaviour of long-finned pilot whales in the Ligurian Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 237: 301-305. PDF

 

Bejder, L. & B. K. Hall. 2002. Limbs in whales and limblessness in other vertebrates: mechanisms of evolutionary and developmental transformation and loss. Evolution and Development 4(6) : 445-458.

 

Berrow, S.D., B. McHugh, D. Glynn, E. McGovern, K.M. Parsons, R.W. Baird and S.K. Hooker. 2002. Organochlorine concentrations in resident bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Shannon estuary, Ireland. Marine Pollution Bulletin 44: 1296-1313. PDF

 

Dillon, M.C., K.R. Richard, H. Whitehead and J.M. Wright. 2002. Social and population genetic structure of sperm whales assessed by molecular genetic analyses. In: Molecular and cell biology of marine mammals Edited by C. Pfeiffer. Krieger, Malabar, Florida: 43-52.

 

Goold, J., H. Whitehead, and J. Reid. 2002. North Atlantic sperm whale strandings on the coastlines of the British Isles and eastern Canada. Canadian Field Naturalist. 116:371-388.

 

Hooker, S.K., H. Whitehead, and S. Gowans. 2002. Ecosystem consideration in conservation planning: energy demand of foraging bottlenose whales (Hyperoodon ampullatus) in a marine protected area. Biological Conservation 104: 51-58. Abstract

 

Hooker, S.K., and H. Whitehead. 2002. Click characteristics of northern bottlenose whales (Hyperoodon ampullatus). Marine Mammal Science 18: 69-80. Abstract

 

Hooker, S.K., H. Whitehead, S. Gowans, and R.W. Baird. 2002. Fluctuations in distribution and patterns of individual range use of northern bottlenose whales. Marine Ecology Progress Series225: 287-297. Abstract

 

Letteval, E., C. Richter, N. Jaquet, E. Slooten, S. Dawson, H. Whitehead, J. Christal, and P. McCall Howard. 2002. Social structure and residency in aggregations of male sperm whales.Canadian Journal of Zoology 80: 1189-1196. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2002. Culture in whales and dolphins. In: Encyclopedia of marine mammals Edited by W.F. Perrin, B. WÜrsig and H.G.M. Thewissen. Academic Press, San Diego

 

Whitehead, H. 2002. Breaching. In: Encyclopedia of marine mammals Edited by W.F. Perrin, B. WÜrsig and H.G.M. Thewissen. Academic Press, San Diego

 

Whitehead, H. 2002. The sperm whale. In: Encyclopedia of marine mammals Edited by W.F. Perrin, B. WÜrsig and H.G.M. Thewissen. Academic Press, San Diego

 

Whitehead, H. 2002. Culture in whales and dolphins. In: Encyclopedia of marine mammals Edited by W.F. Perrin, B. WÜrsig and H.G.M. Thewissen. Academic Press, San Diego

 

Whitehead, H. 2002. Estimates of the current global population size and historical trajectory for sperm whales. Marine Ecology Progress Series 242: 295-304. PDF

 

Whitehead, H., P. J. Richerson, and R. Boyd. 2002. Cultural selection and genetic diversity in humans. Selection 3: 115-125. PDF

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Publications 2001

 

Baird, R.W. 2001. Status of killer whales, Orcinus orca, in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist115:676-701.

 

Baird, R.W. 2001. Status of harbour seals, Phoca vitulina, in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist115: 663-675.

 

Baird, R.W., A.D. Ligon, S.K. Hooker, and A.M. Gorgone. 2001. Sub-surface and night-time behaviour of pantropical spotted dolphins in Hawaii. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79: 988-996.Abstract

 

Bejder, L. and Dawson, S. 2001 Abundance, residency, and habitat utilisation of Hector's dolphins(Cephalorhynchus hectori) in Porpoise Bay, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research: 35: 277-287. Abstract

 

Christal, J., and H. Whitehead. 2001. Social affiliations within sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) groups. Ethology 107: 323-340. PDF

 

Dalebout, M.L., S.K. Hooker, and I. Christensen. 2001. Genetic diversity and population structure among northern bottlenose whales, Hyperoodon ampullatus, in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79: 478-484. Abstract

 

Gowans, S., H. Whitehead, and S.K. Hooker. 2001. Social organization in northern bottlenose whales (Hyperoodon ampullatus): not driven by deep water foraging? Animal Behaviour 62: 369-377. Abstract

 

Gowans, S. and H. Whitehead. 2001. Photographic identification of northern bottlenose whales (Hyperoodon ampullatus): sources of heterogeneity from natural marks. Marine Mammal Science 17: 76-93.

 

Hooker, S.K., and R.W. Baird. 2001. Diving and ranging behaviour of odontocetes: a methodological review and critique. Mammal Review 31: 81-105. Abstract

 

Hooker, S.K., R.W. Baird, S. Al-Omari, S. Gowans and H. Whitehead. 2001. Behavioral reactions of northern bottlenose whales to biopsy darting and tag attachment procedures. Fishery Bulletin, U.S. 99: 303-308. Abstract

 

Hooker, S.K., S.J. Iverson, P. Ostrom, and S.C. Smith. 2001. Diet of northern bottlenose whales inferred from fatty-acid and stable-isotope analyses of biopsy samples.Canadian Journal of Zoology 79:1442-1454. Abstract

 

Rendell, L. and Whitehead, H. 2001. Culture in whales and dolphins. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24(2): 309-382 Abstract PDF

 

Smith, S.C. and H. Whitehead. 2001. Reply to R. Clarke and Paliza's comment: "The food of sperm whales in the Southeast Pacific". Marine Mammal Science 17: 430-431.

 

Whitehead, H. 2001. Analysis of animal movement using opportunistic individual identifications: application to sperm whales. Ecology 82: 1417-1432. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2001. Direct estimation of within-group heterogeneity in photoidentification of sperm whales. Marine Mammal Science 17:718-728.

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Publications 2000

 

Baird, R.W., and H. Whitehead. 2000. Social organization of mammal-eating killer whales: group stability and dispersal patterns. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78:2096-2105. PDF

 

Baird, R.W., and S.K. Hooker. 2000. Ingestion of plastic and unusual prey by a juvenile harbour porpoise. Marine Pollution Bulletin 40:719-720. PDF

 

Gowans, S., H. Whitehead, J. Arch, and S.K. Hooker. 2000. Population size and residency patterns of northern bottlenose whales (Hyperoodon ampullatus) using the Gully. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 2: 201-210. Abstract

 

Gowans, S., M.L. Dalebout, S.K. Hooker, and H. Whitehead. 2000. Reliability of photographic and molecular techniques for sexing northern bottlenose whales (Hyperoodon ampullatus). Canadian Journal of Zoology 78: 1224-1229. Abstract

 

Lucas, Z.N., and S.K. Hooker. 2000. Cetacean strandings on Sable Island, Nova Scotia, 1970-1998. Canadian Field-Naturalist 114: 45-61 Abstract

 

Mann, J., R.C. Connor, P.L. Tyack, and H. Whitehead (Editors). 2000. Cetacean Societies. Field studies of dolphins and whales. Chicago University Press. 432 pp More information

∙ Baird, R.W. The killer whale - foraging specializations and group hunting. Introduction

∙ Connor, R.C., J. Mann, P. Tyack and H. Whitehead. Introduction: the social lives of whales and dolphins.

∙ Tyack, P., Connor, R.C., J. Mann, and H. Whitehead. The future of behavioral research on wild cetaceans.

∙ Whitehead, H. and L. Weilgart. The sperm whale: social females and roving males.

∙ Whitehead, H. and J. Mann. Female reproductive strategies of cetaceans.

∙ Whitehead, H., J. Christal and P. Tyack. Studying cetacean social structure in space and time: innovative techniques.

∙ Whitehead, H., R.R. Reeves and P. Tyack. Science and the conservation, protection and management of wild cetaceans.

 

Smith, S.C., and H. Whitehead. 2000. The diet of Galapagos sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus as indicated by fecal sample analysis. Marine Mammal Science 16: 315-325. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 2000. Density-dependent habitat selection and the modeling of sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) exploitation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 57: 223-230. PDF

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Publications 1999

 

Bejder, L., Dawson, S. and Harraway, J. 1999. Responses by Hector's dolphins to boats and swimmers in Porpoise Bay, New Zealand. Marine Mammal Science:15(3): 738-750. Abstract

 

Dufault S, H. Whitehead, and M. Dillon. 1999. An examination of the current knowledge on the stock structure of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) worldwide. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 1: 1-10. PDF

 

Gowans, S., and L. Rendell. 1999. Head-butting in northern bottlenose whales (Hyperoodon ampullatus): a possible function for big heads? Marine Mammal Science 15: 1342-1350. Abstract

 

Hooker, S.K., H. Whitehead and S. Gowans. 1999. Marine protected area design and the spatial and temporal distribution of cetaceans in a submarine canyon. Conservation Biology 13: 592-602.Abstract

 

Hooker, S.K., and R.W. Baird. 1999. Deep-diving behaviour of the northern bottlenose whale, Hyperoodon ampullatus (Cetacea: Ziphiidae). Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B. 266: 671-676. Abstract

 

Hooker, S.K., and R.W. Baird. 1999. Observations of Sowerby's beaked whales (Mesoplodon bidens) in The Gully, Nova Scotia. Canadian Field-Naturalist 113: 273-277. Abstract

 

Jaquet N., and H. Whitehead. 1999. Movements, distribution and feeding success of sperm whales in the Pacific Ocean, over scales of days and tens of kilometers. Aquatic Mammals 25: 1-13.

 

Rendell, L.E., J. Matthews, A. Gill, J. Gordon and D.W. Macdonald. 1999. Quantitative analysis of the tonal calls of five odontocete species. Journal of Zoology. 249: 403-410

 

Smith, S.D., and H. Whitehead. 1999. Distribution of dolphins in Galapagos waters. Marine Mammal Science 15: 550-555.

 

Whitehead, H. 1999. Testing association patterns of social animals. Animal Behaviour 57: F26-29Article

 

Whitehead, H. 1999. Variation in the visually observable behavior of groups of Galapagos sperm whales. Marine Mammal Science 15: 1181-1197.

 

Whitehead, H. 1999. Culture and genetic evolution in whales. Science 284: 2055a Article

 

Whitehead, H., and S. Dufault. 1999. Techniques for analyzing vertebrate social structure using identified individuals: review and recommendations. Advances in the Study of Behavior 28: 33-74. PDF

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Publications 1998

 

Baird, R.W. 1998. An interaction between Pacific white-sided dolphins and a neonatal harbour porpoise. Mammalia 62: 129-134. Abstract

 

Baird, R.W., P.M. Willis, T.J. Guenther, P.J. Wilson and B.N. White. 1998. An intergeneric hybrid in the family Phocoenidae. Canadian Journal of Zoology 76: 198-204. Abstract

Bejder, L., Fletcher, D. and Brager, S. 1998. A method for testing association patterns of social mammals. Animal Behaviour 56:719-725. Abstract

 

Christal, J., H. Whitehead and E. Lettevall. 1998. Sperm whale social units: variation and change. Canadian Journal of Zoology 76: 1431-1440 Abstract PDF

 

Connor,R.C., J. Mann, P.L. Tyack, and H. Whitehead. 1998. Social evolution in toothed whales. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13: 228-232. PDF

 

Dufault, S., and H. Whitehead. 1998. Regional and group-level differences in fluke markings and notches of sperm whales. Journal of Mammalogy 79: 514-520. PDF

 

Hanson, M.B. and R.W. Baird. 1998. Dall's porpoise reactions to tagging attempts using a remotely-deployed suction-cup tag. Marine Technology Society Journal 32(2): 18-23. Abstract

 

Hooker, S.K. 1998. Extensive scarring observed on female or juvenile male sperm whales off the Galápagos Islands. Mammalia 62: 134-139. Abstract

 

Schneider, K., R.W. Baird, S. Dawson, I. Visser and S. Childerhouse. 1998. Reactions of bottlenose dolphins to tagging attempts using a remotely-deployed suction-cup tag. Marine Mammal Science 14: 316-324. Abstract

 

Whitehead, H. 1998. Cultural selection and genetic diversity in matrilineal whales. Science 282: 1708-1711. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 1998. Male mating strategies: models of roving and residence. Ecological Modelling 111: 297-298. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 1998. Cultures of whales and dolphins. WDCS Magazine 20: 4-5.

 

Whitehead, H., M. Dillon, S. Dufault, L. Weilgart and J. Wright. 1998. Non-geographically based population structure of South Pacific sperm whales: dialects, fluke-markings and genetics. Journal of Animal Ecology 67: 253-262. PDF

 

Whitehead, H., W.D. Bowen, S.K. Hooker, and S. Gowans. 1998. Marine mammals. pp 186 -221 In: The Gully: a scientific review of its environment and ecosystem. (Eds: Harrison, W.G. and Fenton, D.G.) Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Ottawa. Canadian Stock Assessment Secretariat Research Document 98/83.

 

Willis, P.M., and R.W. Baird. 1998. Status of the dwarf sperm whale (Kogia simus) with special reference to Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 112: 114-125. Abstract

 

Willis, P.M., and R.W. Baird. 1998. Sightings and strandings of beaked whales on the west coast of Canada. Aquatic Mammals 24: 21-25. Abstract

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Publications 1997

 

Baird, R.W., and M.B. Hanson. 1997. Status of the northern fur seal, Callorhinus ursinus, in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 111: 263-269.

 

Christal, J., and H. Whitehead. 1997. Aggregations of mature male sperm whales on the Galapagos Islands breeding ground. Marine Mammal Science 13: 59-69. Abstract PDF

 

Hooker, S.K., and R.W. Baird. 1997. A Fea's petrel off Nova Scotia: the first record for Canada.Birders Journal 6: 245-248. Abstract

 

Paquet, D., C. Haycock and H. Whitehead. 1997. Numbers and seasonal occurrence of humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, off Brier Island, Nova Scotia. Canadian Field-Naturalist 111: 548-552.

 

Reeves, R. R., and H. Whitehead. 1997. Current status of the sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 111: 293-307

 

Stacey, P.J., and R.W. Baird. 1997. Birth of a "resident" killer whale off Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Marine Mammal Science 13: 504-508. Abstract

 

Stacey, P.J., D.A. Duffus and R.W. Baird. 1997. A preliminary evaluation of incidental mortality of small cetaceans in coastal fisheries in British Columbia, Canada. Marine Mammal Science 13: 321-326.

 

Weilgart, L., and H. Whitehead. 1997. Group-specific dialects and geographical variation in coda repertoire in South Pacific sperm whales. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 40: 277-285.PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 1997. Analyzing animal social structure. Animal Behaviour 53: 1053-1067. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 1997. Sea surface temperature and the abundance of sperm whale calves off the Galapagos Islands: implications for the effects of global warming. Reports of the international Whaling Commission 47: 941-944.

 

Whitehead, H., J. Christal, and S. Dufault. 1997. Past and distant whaling and the rapid decline of sperm whales off the Galapagos Islands. Conservation Biology 11: 1387-1396. Abstract PDF

 

Whitehead, H., A. Faucher, S. Gowans, and S. McCarrey. 1997. Status of the northern bottlenose whale, Hyperoodon ampullatus, in the Gully, Nova Scotia. Canadian Field-Naturalist 111: 287-292 Abstract PDF

 

Whitehead, H., S. Gowans, A. Faucher, and S. McCarrey. 1997. Population analysis of northern bottlenose whales in the Gully, Nova Scotia. Marine Mammal Science 13: 173-185. Abstract PDF

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Publications 1996

 

Baird, R.W., and L.M. Dill. 1996. Ecological and social determinants of group size in transient killer whales. Behavioral Ecology 7: 408-416. Abstract

 

Jaquet, N., H. Whitehead and M. Lewis. 1996. Coherence between 19th century sperm whale distributions and satellite-derived pigments in the tropical Pacific. Marine Ecology Progress Series 145: 1-10. PDF

 

Jaquet, N., and H. Whitehead. 1996. Scale-dependent correlation of sperm whale distribution with environmental features and productivity in the South Pacific. Marine Ecology Progress Series135: 1-9. PDF

 

Richard, K. R., H. Whitehead, and J. M. Wright. 1996. Polymorphic microsatellites from sperm whales and their use in the genetic identification of individuals from naturally sloughed pieces of skin. Molecular Ecology 5: 313-315.

 

Richard, K. R., M. C. Dillon, H. Whitehead, and J. M. Wright. 1996. Patterns of kinship in groups of free-living sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) revealed by multiple molecular genetic analyses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (U.S.) 93: 8792-8795. PDF

 

Weilgart, L., H. Whitehead, and K. Payne. 1996. A colossal convergence. American Scientist 84: 278-287. PDF

 

Weller, D.W., B. Würsig, H. Whitehead, J.C. Norris, S.K. Lynn, R.W. Davis, N. Clauss, and P. Brown. 1996. Observations of an interaction between sperm whales and short-finned pilot whales in the Gulf of Mexico. Marine Mammal Science 12: 588-594. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 1996. Babysitting, dive synchrony, and indications of alloparental care in sperm whales. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 38: 237-244. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 1996. Variation in the feeding success of sperm whales: temporal scale, spatial scale and relationship to migrations. Journal of Animal Ecology 65: 429-438. PDF

 

Whitehead, H., and N. Jaquet. 1996. Are the charts of Maury and Townsend good indicators of sperm whale distribution and seasonality? Reports of the international Whaling Commission 46: 643-647.

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Publications 1995

 

Dufault, S., and H. Whitehead. 1995. The geographic stock structure of female and immature sperm whales in the South Pacific. Reports of the international Whaling Commission 45: 401-405.

 

Dufault, S., and H. Whitehead. 1995. An assessment of changes with time in the marking patterns used for photo-identification of individual sperm whales, Physeter macrocephalus. Marine Mammal Science 11: 335-343. PDF

 

Dufault, S., and H. Whitehead. 1995. An encounter with recently wounded sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus). Marine Mammal Science 11: 560-563.

 

Faucher, A., and H. Whitehead. 1995. Importance of habitat protection for the northern bottlenose whale in the Gully, Nova Scotia. In Marine protected areas and sustainable fisheries, ed. N. L. Shackell, and J. H. M. Willison. Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada: Science and Management of Marine Protected Areas Association.

 

Gowans, S., and H. Whitehead. 1995. Distribution and habitat partitioning by small odontocetes in the Gully, a submarine canyon on the Scotian Shelf. Canadian Journal of Zoology 73: 1599-1608. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 1995. Status of Pacific sperm whale stocks before modern whaling. Reports of the international Whaling Commission 45: 407-412.

 

Whitehead, H. 1995. Investigating structure and temporal scale in social organizations using identified individuals. Behavioral Ecology 6: 199-208. PDF

 

Whitehead, H., and L. Weilgart. 1995. Marine mammal science, the U.S. Navy and academic freedom. Marine Mammal Science 11: 260-263.

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Publications 1994

 

Dufault, S., and H. Whitehead. 1994. Floating marine pollution in 'the Gully' on the continental slope, Nova Scotia, Canada. Marine Pollution Bulletin 28: 489-493. PDF

 

Whitehead, H. 1994. Delayed competitive breeding in roving males. Journal of Theoretical Biology 166: 127-133.

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Publications 1993

 

Baird, R. W., P. J. Stacey, and H. Whitehead. 1993. Status of the striped dolphin, Stenella coeruleoalba in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 107: 455-465.

 

Dillon, M.C. and J.M. Wright. 1993. Nucleotide sequence of the D-loop region of the sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) mitochondrial genome. Molecular Biology and Evolution 10: 296-305.

 

Dufault, S., and H. Whitehead. 1993. Assessing the stock identity of sperm whales in the eastern equatorial Pacific. Reports of the international Whaling Commission 43: 469-475.

 

Kahn, B., H. Whitehead, and M. Dillon. 1993. Indications of density-dependent effects from comparisons of sperm whale populations. Marine Ecology Progress Series 93: 1-7.

 

Reeves, R. R., E. Mitchell, and H. Whitehead. 1993. Status of the northern bottlenose whale, Hyperoodon ampullatus. Canadian Field-Naturalist 107: 490-508.

 

Slooten, E., S. M. Dawson, and H. Whitehead. 1993. Associations among photographically identified Hector's dolphins. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71: 2311-2318.

 

Smith, S. C., and H. Whitehead. 1993. Variations in the feeding success and behaviour of Galápagos sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) as they relate to oceanographic conditions. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71: 1991-1996. PDF

 

Weilgart, L., and H. Whitehead. 1993. Coda vocalizations in sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) off the Galapagos Islands. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71: 744-752.

 

Whitehead, H. 1993. The behaviour of mature male sperm whales on the Galapagos breeding grounds. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71: 689-699.   PDF

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Publications 1977-1992

Whitehead, H. and B. Kahn. 1992. Temporal and geographical variation in the social structure of female sperm whales. Canadian Journal of Zoology 70: 2145-2149.

 

Whitehead, H., S. Brennan and D. Grover. 1992. Distribution and behaviour of male sperm whales on the Scotian Shelf, Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology 70: 912-918.

Whitehead, H., S. Waters and T. Lyrholm. 1992. Population structure of female and immature sperm whales off the Galápagos Islands. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 49: 78-84.

Whitehead, H. and S. Walde. 1992. Habitat dimensionality and mean search distance of top predators: implications for ecosystem structure. Theoretical Population Biology 42: 1-9.

Amos, W., H. Whitehead, M.J. Ferrari, D.A. Glockner-Ferrari, R. Payne and J. Gordon. 1992. Restrictable DNA from sloughed cetacean skin; its potential for use in population analysis. Marine Mammal Science 8: 275-283.

Hope, P.L. and H. Whitehead. 1991. Sperm whales off the Galápagos Islands during the period 1830-1850 and comparisons with modern studies. Reports of the International Whaling Commission 41: 273-283.

Whitehead, H. and L.S. Weilgart. 1991. Patterns of visually observable behaviour and vocalizations in groups of female sperm whales. Behaviour 118: 275-296.   PDF

Whitehead, H., S. Waters and T. Lyrholm. 1991. Social organization in female sperm whales and their offspring: constant companions and casual acquaintances. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 29: 385-389.

Whitehead, H. and P.L. Hope. 1991. Sperm whalers off the Galápagos Islands and in the northwest Pacific, 1830-1850: ideal free whalers? Sociobiology and Ethology 12: 146-161.

Whitehead, H. 1990. Rules for roving males. Journal of Theoretical Biology 145: 355-368.

Whitehead, H. and L. Weilgart. 1990. Click rates from sperm whales. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 87: 1798-1806.

Whitehead, H. 1990. Mark-recapture estimates with emigration and re-immigration. Biometrics 46: 473-479.

Weilgart, L.S. and H. Whitehead. 1990. Vocalizations of the North Atlantic pilot whale (Globicephala melas) as related to behavioral contexts. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 26: 399-402.

Whitehead, H., J. Gordon, E.A. Mathews, and K.R. Richard. 1990. Obtaining skin samples from living sperm whales. Marine Mammal Science 6: 316-326. PDF

Whitehead, H. 1990. Assessing sperm whale populations using natural markings: a progress report. Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 12): 377-382. PDF

Waters, S. and H. Whitehead. 1990. Aerial behaviour in sperm whales, Physeter macrocephalus. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68: 2076-2082.

Whitehead, H. and S. Waters. 1990. Social organization and population structure of sperm whales off the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador (1985 and 1987). Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 12): 249-257. PDF

Carlson, C., C. Mayo and H. Whitehead. 1990. Changes in the ventral fluke patterns of individually identified humpback whales. Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 12): 105-111.

Whitehead, H. 1990. Computer-assisted individual identification of sperm whale flukes. Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 12):  71-77.

Waters, S. and H. Whitehead. 1990. Population and growth parameters of Galápagos sperm whales estimated from length distributions. Reports of the International Whaling Commission 40: 225-235.

Whitehead, H., L. Weilgart and S. Waters. 1989. Seasonality of sperm whales off the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. Reports of the International Whaling Commission 39: 207-210.

Whitehead, H. 1989. Foraging formations of Galápagos sperm whales. Canadian Journal of Zoology 67: 2131-2139. PDF

Papastavrou, V., S.C. Smith and H. Whitehead.  1989.  Diving  behaviour of the sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus, off the Galápagos Islands. Canadian Journal of Zoology 67: 839-846. PDF

Arnbom, T. and H. Whitehead. 1989. Observations on the composition and behaviour of groups of female sperm whales near the Galápagos Islands. Canadian Journal of Zoology 67: 1-7. PDF

Whitehead, H., V. Papastavrou and S. Smith. 1989. Feeding success of sperm whales and sea-surface temperatures off the Galápagos Islands. Marine Ecology Progress Series 53: 201-3.

Whitehead, H. 1989. Voyage to the whales. Stoddart, Toronto

Katona, S.K. and H. Whitehead. 1988. Are cetaceans ecologically important? Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Review 26: 553-568.

Mullins, J., H. Whitehead and L.S. Weilgart. 1988. Behaviour and vocalizations of two single sperm whales, Physeter macrocephalus, off Nova Scotia. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45: 1736-43.

Weilgart, L.S. and H. Whitehead. 1988. Distinctive vocalizations from mature male sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus). Canadian Journal of Zoology 66: 1931-7.

Whitehead, H. and C. Carlson. 1988. Social behaviour of feeding finback whales off Newfoundland: comparisons with the sympatric humpback whale. Canadian Journal of Zoology 66: 217-221. PDF

Alling, A. and H. Whitehead. 1987. A preliminary study of the status of the whitebeaked dolphin and other small cetaceans off the coast of Labrador. Canadian Field-Naturalist 101: 131-135.

Arnbom, T., V. Papastavrou, L.S. Weilgart and H. Whitehead. 1987. Sperm whales react to an attack by killer whales. Journal of Mammalogy 68: 450-453. PDF

Whitehead, H. 1987. Updated status of the humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 101: 284-294.

Whitehead, H. and T. Arnbom. 1987. Social organization of sperm whales off the Galápagos Islands, February-April 1985. Canadian Journal of Zoology 65(4): 913-919. PDF

Rice, M., C. Carlson, K. Chu, W. Dolphin and H. Whitehead. 1987. Are humpback whale population estimates being biased by sexual differences in fluking behavior?  Reports of the International Whaling Commission 37: 333-335.

Whitehead, H. 1987. Social organization of sperm whales off the Galápagos: implications for management and conservation. Reports of the International Whaling Commission 37: 195-199.

Whitehead, H. 1987. Sperm whale behavior on the Galápagos Grounds. Oceanus 30: 49-53.

Whitehead, H., R. Payne and M. Payne. 1986. Population estimate for the right whales off Peninsula Valdes, Argentina, 1971-1976. Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 10): 169-171.

Whitehead, H. and J. Gordon. 1986. Methods of obtaining data for assessing and modelling sperm whale populations which do not depend on catches.  Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 8): 149-166.

Weilgart, L.S. and H. Whitehead. 1986. Observations of a sperm  whale (Physeter catodon) birth. Journal of Mammalogy 67: 399-401.

Whitehead, H. and C. Glass. 1985. The significance of the Southeast Shoal of the Grand Bank to humpback whales and other cetacean species. Canadian Journal of Zoology 63: 2617-2625.  PDF

Whitehead, H. and C. Glass. 1985. Orcas (killer whales) attack  humpback whales. Journal of Mammalogy 66: 183-185.

Whitehead, H. 1985. Why whales leap. Scientific American 252: 84-93.

Whitehead, H. and J.E. Carscadden. 1985. Predicting inshore whale abundance - whales and capelin off the Newfoundland coast. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 42: 976-981. PDF

Whitehead, H. 1985. Humpback whale songs from the northern Indian Ocean. Investigations on Cetacea (Berne, Switzerland) 17: 157-162.  PDF

Whitehead, H. 1985. Humpback whale breaching. Investigations on Cetacea (Berne, Switzerland) 17: 117-155.

Whitehead, H. 1985. Benign research on sperm whales in the Indian Ocean Sanctuary.  Journal of the American Cetacean Society 19: 3-7.

Whitehead, H. 1985. Studying sperm whales on the Galápagos Grounds. Noticias de Galápagos 42: 18-21.

Whitehead, H., K. Chu, J. Perkins, P. Bryant and G. Nichols. 1983. Population size, stock identity, and distribution of the humpback whales off West Greenland - Summer 1981. Reports of the International Whaling Commission 33: 497-501.

Whitehead, H. 1983. Structure and stability of humpback whale groups off Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Zoology 61: 1391-97. PDF

Tyack, P. and H. Whitehead. 1983. Male competition in large groups of wintering humpback whales. Behaviour 83: 132-154.

Whitehead, H. 1983. Baleen whales off Sri Lanka. Loris 16: 176-181. PDF

Whitehead, H. 1982. Sperm whales off Sri Lanka. Loris 16: 23-24. PDF

Whitehead, H., K. Chu, P. Harcourt and A. Alling. 1982. The humpback whales off West Greenland: summer 1981. Final Report to Marine Mammal Commission. N.T.I.S. Refereed Publication no. PB82-243924.

Whitehead, H. 1982. Populations of humpback whales in the northwest Atlantic. Reports of the International Whaling Commission 32: 345-353.

Whitehead, H., P. Harcourt and R. Silver. 1982. The migration of the humpback whales along the northeast coast of Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Zoology 60: 2173-9. PDF

Whitehead, H. and M.J. Moore. 1982. Distribution and movements of West Indian humpback whales in winter. Canadian Journal of Zoology 60: 2203-11. PDF

Whitehead, H., and R. Payne. 1981. New techniques for measuring whales from the air. Final Report to Marine Mammal Commission.  N.T.I.S. Refereed Publication no. PB81-161143. 36 pp.

Whitehead, H. 1981. The humpback whales in the Northwest Atlantic: behaviour, ecology and populations.  In: Proceedings of a Workshop on Humpback Whales of the western North Atlantic, Boston, Nov. 1980.  Final Report to N.M.F.S. Appendix II-B: 35-58.

Whitehead, H. and R. Payne. 1981. New techniques for assessing populations of right whales without killing them. In: Mammals of the Sea, Vol. 3. FAO Fish. Ser. 5, Rome, Italy: 189-209.

Katona, S.K., and H.P. Whitehead. 1981. Identifying humpback whales using their natural markings. Polar Record 20: 439-444.

Whitehead, H., P. Harcourt, K. Ingham, and H. Clark. 1980. Migration of the baleen whales past the Bay de Verde Peninsula, Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Zoology 58: 687-692.

Katona, S., B. Baxter, O. Brazier, S. Kraus, J. Perkins and H. Whitehead. 1979. Identification of humpback whales by fluke photographs. In: Behavior of Marine Animals, Vol. 3.  Edited by H.E. Winn and B.L. Olla.  Plenum Press, New York: 33-44.

Perkins, J. and H. Whitehead. 1977. Observations on three species of baleen whales off northern Newfoundland and adjacent waters. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 34: 1436-1440.

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Last Updated August 2014 by Hal Whitehead